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Fabrication of cellulose based superhydrophobic microspheres for the production of magnetically actuatable smart liquid marbles

Xinping Lin, Wei Ma, Hui Wu, Liulian Huang, Lihui Chen, Atsushi Takahara


Cellulose microspheres were fabricated on the basis of sol-gel transition using NaOH/urea/H2O as the solvent system. These microspheres had an average diameter of about 30 μm. Upon modification with Fe3O4 and poly (DOPAm-co-PFOEA), superhydrophobic magnetic cellulose microspheres were generated, which were analyzed by FTIR, TG, XRD, XPS and water contact angle tests. Magnetic cellulose microspheres contained approximately 15 wt% of Fe3O4. Poly(DOPAm-co-PFOEA)/Fe3O4/cellulose microspheres and had a low surface energy and a high water-repellency. These superhydrophobic microspheres were also converted into liquid marbles via an easily scalable process.

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