Adsorption characteristics of surfactants on secondary wood fiber surface

Guangwei Sun, Jie Zheng, Yanzhu Guo, Shuo Hu, Yifu Wang, Jinghui Zhou

Abstract


Surfactant residues in recycled wood fiber from the deinking process can have impact on the subsequent bleaching and papermaking processes by increasing bleaching agents and disturbing papermaking wet-end chemistry. In this paper, the fundamental mechanism of surfactants adsorption characteristics on secondary fiber surface was studied. The adsorption isotherms and kinetics of an anionic surfactant, sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS) and a non-ionic surfactant, Triton X-100 (TX-100) on secondary fiber surface with or without the presence of electrolytes (Mg2+ ions) were studied by using spectrophotometric methods. Results showed that the adsorption isotherm of SDBS could be subdivided into four regions, and the adsorption of SDBS was increased with the presence of Mg2+ ions. While for TX-100, the adsorption isotherm showed typically Langmuir-type adsorption, and its adsorption was decreased with the presence of Mg2+ ions. Kinetic analysis indicated that the adsorption processes both fit pseudo-second-order model well. The adsorption rate of both surfactants was affected by the initial surfactant concentration, electrolyte and temperature. The activation parameters confirmed that the adsorption processes of both surfactants were typically diffusion-controlled and endothermic at a temperature range commonly used for current flotation deinking processes. SDBS and TX-100 mainly adsorbed to the hydrophobic sites of secondary fibers surface, which decreased the fiber hydrophobicity and reduced the fiber loss in the flotation deinking process. The results suggested that the concentration of Mg2+ ions should be maintained at a low level when SDBS was used in the flotation process.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Zhao Y., Deng Y., Zhu J. Roles of surfactants in flotation deinking. Progress in Paper Recycling, 2004, 14: 41-45.

Ajersch M.,Pelton R. The growth of bubbles on pulp fibers and on carbon black dispersed in supersaturated carbon dioxide solutions. Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, 1994, 9: 129-134.

Deng Y., Abazeri M. True flotation and physical entrapment: The mechanisms of fiber loss in flotation deinking. Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, 1998, 13: 4-9.

Dorris G., Page M. Deinking of toner-printed papers. Part i: Flotation kinetics, froth stability and fibre entrainment. Journal of Pulp and Paper Science, 1997, 23: 206-215.

Turvey R. Stock loss as a function of water hardness in deinking. Paper Technology and Industry, 1987, 28: 366-368.

Deng Y. Effect of fiber surface chemistry on the fiber loss in flotation deinking. Tappi Journal, 2000, 83: 61.

Beneventi D., Rousset X., Zeno E. Modelling transport phenomena in a flotation de-inking column: Focus on gas flow, pulp and froth retention time. International Journal of Mineral Processing, 2006, 80: 43-57.

Kondo R., Harazono K., Sakai K. Bleaching of hardwood kraft pulp with manganese peroxidase secreted from phanerochaete sordida yk-624. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 1994, 60: 4359-4363.

Sasaki T., Kajino T., Li B., Sugiyama H., Takahashi H. New pulp biobleaching system involving manganese peroxidase immobilized in a silica support with controlled pore sizes. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2001, 67: 2208-2212.

Jin Y., Xia H., Lu X., Huang Z. Effects of surfactant tween 80 on enhancing H2O2 bleaching of wheat straw soda pulp. Journal of Cellulose Science and Technology, 2007, 15: 23-27.

Wang X., Zhan H., He W., Li B., Xu L. Surfactant reinforced oxygen delignification. Transactions of China Pulp and Paper, 2003, 18: 43-46.

Stack K., Dunn L., Maughan S. Deinked pulp and the netbond retention aid system. Appita Journal, 1995, 48: 275-278.

Tay S.C. New enhancers to improve polyethylene oxide retention performance on deinked news-print. Tappi Journal, 1997, 80: 149-156.

Fatehi P., Outhouse K.C., Xiao H., Ni Y. Debonding performance of various cationic surfactants on networks made of bleached kraft fibers. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2010, 49: 11402-11407.

Milton J., Manilal DahanayakeIndustrial. Utilization of Surfactants: Principles and Practice. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2003,260:454.

Tiberg F., Brinck J., Grant L. Adsorption and surface-induced self-assembly of surfactants at the solid–aqueous interface. Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science, 1999, 4: 411-419.

Fuerstenau D. Streaming potential studies on quartz in solutions of aminium acetates in relation to the formation of hemi-micelles at the quartz-solution interface. Journal of Physical Chemistry, 1956, 60: 981-985.

Manne S., Cleveland J., Gaub H., Stucky G., Hansma P. Direct visualization of surfactant hemimicelles by force microscopy of the electrical double layer. Langmuir, 1994, 10: 4409-4413.

Brack N., Lamb R., Pham D., Turner P. Nonionic surfactants and the wool fibre surface. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 1999, 146: 405-415.

Fuerstenau D. Equilibrium and nonequilibrium phenomena associated with the adsorption of ionic surfactants at solid–water interfaces. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2002, 256: 79-90.

Tahani A., Damme H.V., Noik C., Levitz P. Adsorption of nonionic surfactants on kaolins. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 1996, 184: 469-476.

Wang W., Kwak J.C. Adsorption at the alumina–water interface from mixed surfactant solutions. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 1999, 156: 95-110.

Fava A., Eyring H. Equilibrium and kinetics of detergent adsorption–a generalized equilibration theory. Journal of Physical Chemistry, 1956, 60: 890-898.

Gurses A., Yalcin M., Sozbilir M., Dogar C. The investigation of adsorption thermodynamics and mechanism of a cationic surfactant, ctab, onto powdered active carbon. Fuel Processing Technology, 2003, 81: 57-66.

Paria S., Manohar C., Khilar K.C. Adsorption of anionic and non-ionic surfactants on a cellulosic surface. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 2005, 252: 221-229.

Paria S., Manohar C., Khilar K.C. Kinetics of adsorption of anionic, cationic, and nonionic surfactants. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2005, 44: 3091-3098.

Dorris G., Nguyen N. Flotation of model inks. Ii: Flexo ink dispersions without fibres. Journal of Pulp and Paper Science, 1995, 21: 55-62.

Sritapunya T., Jairakdee S., Kornprapakul T., Somabutr S., Siemanond K., Bunyakiat K., Kitiyanan B., Scamehorn J.F., Grady B.P., Chavadej S. Adsorption of surfactants on carbon black and paper fiber in the presence of calcium ions. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 2011, 389: 206-212.

Denoyel R., Rouquerol J. Thermodynamic (including microcalorimetry) study of the adsorption of nonionic and anionic surfactants onto silica, kaolin, and alumina. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 1991, 143: 555-572.

Kushner L.M., Hubbard W.D. Viscometric and turbidimetric measurements of dilute aqueous solutions of a non-ionic detergent. Journal of Physical Chemistry, 1954, 58: 1163-1167.

Chaiarrekij S., Dhingra H., Ramarao B. Deinking of recycled pulps using column flotation: Energy and environmental benefits. Resources Conservation and Recycling, 2000, 28: 219-226.

Pala H., Mota M., Gama F.M. Factors influencing mow deinking: Laboratory scale studies. Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 2006, 38: 81-87.

Meghea A., Rehner H., Peleanu I., Mihalache R. Test-fitting on adsorption isotherms of organic pollutants from waste waters on activated carbon. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 1998, 229: 105-110.

Chang M.Y., Juang R.S. Equilibrium and kinetic studies on the adsorption of surfactant, organic acids and dyes from water onto natural biopolymers. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 2005, 269: 35-46.

Nevskaia D., Guerrero-Ruız A., de D López-González J. Adsorption of polyoxyethylenic nonionic and anionic surfactants from aqueous solution: Effects induced by the addition of nacl and cacl2. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 1998, 205: 97-105.

Nevskaia D.M., Cervantes M.L.R., Ruíz A.G., de Dios López González J. Interaction of triton x‐100 on silica: A relationship between surface characteristics and adsorption isotherms. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 1995, 63: 249-256.

Ho Y., McKay G. Comparative sorption kinetic studies of dye and aromatic compounds onto fly ash. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A: Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering, 1999, 34: 1179-1204.

Juang R.S., Wu F.C., Tseng R.L. Mechanism of adsorption of dyes and phenols from water using activated carbons prepared from plum kernels. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2000, 227: 437-444.

Khaled A., Nemr A.E., El-Sikaily A., Abdelwahab O. Removal of direct n blue-106 from artificial textile dye effluent using activated carbon from orange peel: Adsorption isotherm and kinetic studies. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2009, 165: 100-110.

Xu X., Gao B., Wang W., Yue Q., Wang Y., Ni S. Adsorption of phosphate from aqueous solutions onto modified wheat residue: Characteristics, kinetic and column studies. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 2009, 70: 46-52.

Demirbas E., Dizge N., Sulak M., Kobya M. Adsorption kinetics and equilibrium of copper from aqueous solutions using hazelnut shell activated carbon. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2009, 148: 480-487.

Pavan P.C., Crepaldi E.L., de A Gomes G., Valim J.B. Adsorption of sodium dodecylsulfate on a hydrotalcite-like compound. Effect of temperature, ph and ionic strength. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 1999, 154: 399-410.

Partyka S., Zaini S., Lindheimer M., Brun B. The adsorption of non-ionic surfactants on a silica gel. Colloids and Surfaces, 1984, 12: 255-270.

Corkill J., Goodman J., Tate J. Adsorption of non-ionic surface-active agents at the graphon/solution interface. Transactions of the Faraday Society, 1966, 62: 979-986.

Meader Jr A.L., Fries B.A. Adsorption in the detergent process. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 1952, 44: 1636-1648.

Anirudhan T., Radhakrishnan P. Thermodynamics and kinetics of adsorption of cu (ii) from aqueous solutions onto a new cation exchanger derived from tamarind fruit shell. Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 2008, 40: 702-709.

Doğan M., Alkan M. Adsorption kinetics of methyl violet onto perlite. Chemosphere, 2003, 50: 517-528.

Nollet H., Roels M., Lutgen P., Van der Meeren P., Verstraete W. Removal of pcbs from wastewater using fly ash. Chemosphere, 2003, 53: 655-665.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21967/jbb.v1i2.31

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Journal of Bioresources and Bioproducts